530th anniversary of the death of Ghirlandaio:
Domenico Bigordi, known as the Ghirlandaio because he was the son of a craftsman famous for his garland-like headdresses for women, is considered to be one of the major figures during the Renaissance and the city of Florence at the time of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Around 1480 in particular, he became the de facto official portrait painter of the Florentine high society, thanks to his precise, pleasant and quick style. He is mainly remembered for his large fresco cycles, including the Stories of St. Francis, commissioned to the artist by the Florentine banker Francesco Sassetti, who had commissioned him to fresco the family chapel in the church of Santa Trinita in Florence. The altarpiece above the altar Adoration of the Shepherds, painted in tempera on panel, is the worthy completion of his grandiose work.
50th anniversary of the Declaration of Citizens' Rights and Fundamental Principles of San Marino Law:
The Law No. 59 from 8 July 1974 "Declaration of citizens' rights and fundamental principles of the San Marino legal system" surely represented a very meaningful moment in the political and institutional life of the Republic. For the first time, after the Arengo in 1906, the principles of the separation of powers were enshrined in a superordinate law and the duties of the Regency, the Great and General Council, the Congress of State and the judiciary were specified, confirming their respective autonomy and independence. With Law No. 59 from 8 July 1974, the fundamental and inviolable rights of citizens were affirmed, while at the same time defining the basic canons in support of a free and democratic community, rooted in centuries of history of independence and now projected towards a future of progress and peace, which sees it as a - albeit small but significant - part of the international community. The hierarchy of the legal institutions is laid down in detail; the recognition at constitutional level of the principles set out in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms is guaranteed; the Collegio as the guarantor of the constitutionality of the norms is established.